5 Clues Your Church May Have Reached Its Shoe Size

Shoe sizeWhat happens when a church is healthy, yet the numbers stay in a holding pattern?

There are a lot of books, blog posts and seminars about how to assess and remove obstacles that hinder healthy growth. My church and I have been helped by many of them.

But is it ever possible that a church may have reached its optimal size? Is there a point at which pushing for greater numbers might be counterproductive to the life, health and effectiveness of a church?

And, if there is, how would we know that?

I struggled with that challenge for years. My story is detailed in The Grasshopper Myth, so I won’t go into it again, but one result of that struggle was that we realized our church is better, healthier and more effective at around 200 than we were at around 400.

200 is our optimal size (let’s call it our shoe size). For now anyway.

It’s not that we aimed for this size or plan to stay at this size. It’s just that this is where we seem to do our best work for now. And it may be that way for a long time.

But how does a church know what their shoe size is? And, if we have in fact reached that place, do we just sit and settle? What about growth?


No Excuses Allowed

It was not easy for me to come to the belief that churches may have a shoe size. At first, it sounds like we’re making excuses for settling. There is not a strand of my DNA that will ever allow me to settle for less. Especially not in the church, when eternal lives are at stake.

So, after we realized that our church may have reached our shoe size, we had to decide what growth would look like now.

In today’s post I want to walk you through 5 of the clues that told us our church had reached our shoe size. In my next post, Our Church May Have Reached Its Shoe Size – Now What?I write about what my church does to keep moving forward, ministering, growing and never, never, NEVER settling for less.

You may share this post with others. You may quote from it. You may reprint it word-for-word on your own website (with a link back here, please). But the one thing you may not do is use this post as an excuse.

Reaching a church’s shoe size is not an excuse for laziness, compromise, lack of innovation, lack of necessary growth or reaching one person fewer than everyone God is calling us to reach.

But, if you’ve been striving for growth for years with no success, here’s my list of questions that helped us determine that we had reached our church’s shoe size. I hope they can help you.


1. Have We Removed All Obstacles to Growth that We Can?

This is principle #1 in every church growth book I’ve ever read. We don’t grow the church. Jesus does. But we can hinder growth in many ways. So every pastor and every church must always be asking ourselves if we’re doing anything to hinder what God wants to do through us, then remove those obstacles.

We’ll never remove them all, of course. But if you’ve removed all that you can for now, but numerical growth still isn’t happening, you may have reached your shoe size.


2. Has New Growth Started to Feel Artificial?

“All healthy things grow” is probably the most-repeated phrase of the church growth movement. And they’re right.

But not all growth is the result of health – or of removing obstacles. I’ve had church growth experts offer to help me get my numbers up, but many of their tactics felt artificial at best and dishonest at worst, so we rejected them.

Numerical growth is not worth it if it means sacrificing our mission or integrity.


3. Who Is God Calling Us to Reach?

Some churches have a mission to reach people who are “low-hanging fruit.” They’re called to reap in a place that is growing and/or to people who are ripe for conversion. Sometimes, to places where the Christians have enough money to pay for large facilities. That’s great. We need more churches that are taking advantage of such opportunities.

But some churches are called to plant and harvest in tough spiritual ground. Towns where the population is shrinking, not growing. Populations who live in great poverty and despair. Places that are antagonistic to the Gospel. People who don’t see their need for Jesus.

If God has called you to a place where the ground is hard, don’t let the slow growth discourage you. Be obedient. There are so many stories of faithful pastors, evangelists and missionaries who ministered all their lives with little to show for it. But God used their faithfulness for his long-term plans.

Some sow, some reap. If you’re a sower, stay faithful. If you’re a reaper, don’t despise the sower whose numbers don’t match yours. Someone softened your ground before you got there.


4. Is Planting/Multiplication a Better Option?

In many circumstances, growing a bigger church is a less viable and less healthy option than planting more Small Churches and/or following a multiple-venue model. We believe that is true for our church, so we’ve helped to plant one church already and it’s likely what we will do for future growth.

I know of one church that has not grown beyond 120, but has started 7 other churches, with a total attendance of about 500 on all campuses today. And they have plans for more.


5. Is It About My Church Or The Church?

This is what it really comes down to for a lot of us. Do I want church growth for God’s glory or my ego?

No, I don’t believe most big churches pastors are egotists. Some are, but so are some Small Church pastors who consider their lack of growth some kind of twisted “proof” that they’re the righteous remnant. Size has nothing to do with it.

If we’re pushing for growth so we can have a bigger church than someone else, God may be keeping growth away until our egos stop getting in the way. But once our egos are out of the way, we may make different decisions.

Some the choices my church makes don’t do much to foster our numerical growth. For instance, we pour tons of time, money and energy into discipling local college students and interns. Most of them will move back home after they graduate, so there’s very little long-term numerical benefit for our congregation.  But when those students leave us they will be better equipped to bless the church. We’re good with that.

Whatever decisions we make about church growth or shoe size need to be about glorifying Jesus, not patting ourselves on the back.


What Do We Do Now?

Over the last few years we’ve explored what it means for our church to be healthy, innovative and outward-reaching in our current shoe size. We’ve tried a lot of things that didn’t work. But we made three decisions that have become cornerstones for us as we grow in health, depth and outreach.

Those three principles are the topic of my next post, Our Church May Have Reached Its Shoe Size – Now What?


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11 thoughts on “5 Clues Your Church May Have Reached Its Shoe Size”

  1. Karl I like to add to that classic line, Healthy things grow … to their optimum size. Love your thoughts here

  2. Churches aren’t shoes. They are living organisms. If they are healthy, they evidence life in a variety of ways. All churches may not enjoy explosive numerical growth but as living organisms they do experience growth, that is, if they are healthy. They are reaching and engaging their community. They are producing new disciples. They are having an impact upon the community. They are active in missions not only locally but also globally. And so on. I think that it is unhelpful to talk in terms of “shoe size.” This provides a too convenient excuse for settling for a state of unhealthiness. “We have reached our shoe size.” Human sinfulness will always tempt Christians to settle for less than living the Great Commandment and fulfilling the Great Commission. Conditions in a community and dynamics within a church may keep it from growing beyond a certain point. Small churches should not beat themselves up for not experiencing spectacular numerical growth. But at the same time they should be concerned when they are not experiencing growth where a church as a healthy organism should be experiencing growth.

    1. Thanks for your passionate comment, Robin. It’s interesting that you disagree with the phrase “shoe size”, but the rest of your comment is in complete agreement with the rest of my post – and I with you – about growth, producing disciples, no excuses, the Great Commission, etc. Maybe some of what I’ll be writing in my companion post tomorrow will help clarify some of that for you.

      1. It is the use of the term “shoe size” that I am not comfortable with. It suggests something that is permanent. The human foot stops growing at a certain stage of the body’s development and unless the foot is injured, becomes diseased, or is amputated, an individual’s shoe size generally will not change. The exception is that an individual may at times wear a different shoe size depending upon the type of shoe.

        A small church may reach what appears to be a stage where it is not capable of further numerical growth but appearances are deceiving. I believe that it is important to take the attitude that there is always potential for further growth even though we may not recognize it. We after all have blind spots. Others may see what we do not see.

        There is such a thing as self-fulfilling prophecy. A small church may develop a mindset that it cannot enjoy further numerical growth and gives up trying to expand in size. This includes reproducing and planting a new church. Or a small church may adopt unrealistically high goal for its numerical growth that it can not achieve. Naturally it fails to reach this goal and concludes that it is incapable of further numerical growth.

        I have been involved in a number of church plants over the years. Most were successful. One failed and one maintains a ghost existence. What has always troubled me is the tendency of new churches and other small churches to compare themselves negatively with established or larger churches and to imitate established or larger churches rather than tailoring their ministry and worship to their particular size, stage of development, and community.

        A popular term one hears these days is “foot print.” What impact is an organization having–on those forming the organization, on the community,the region, and the larger world.To gauge its health a new church or other small church needs to examine its “foot print,” its impact upon its members and regular attenders, its impact upon their relationship networks, its community, and beyond. In doing so it needs to be rigorously honest with itself. Such self-assessment, if done properly, will reveal the church’s blind spots, as well as its strengths and weaknesses.

        Numerical size can be deceptive. It may mean a church is attracting its share of the circulation of the saints. It reveals nothing about the impact that the church is having upon the lives of its members and regular attenders, the lives of community members, and the lives of members of unengaged, unreached people groups. It reveals nothing about the quality of the disciples that the church is producing and other important factors. Even a corporation is not satisfied with figures that show what share of the market it is reaching. It is also concerned with retaining customers and through existing customers reaching more customers.

        1. I think we agree an everything but that phrase. I like the phrase (even though, as I wrote in the post that follows this one, I’ve has issues with it) because it does speak to a permanent state of existence. There are some things that are more-or-less permanent for a lot of churches, (location, denominational restrictions, building, etc) but that doesn’t mean the church can’t be vibrant, innovative and outward-reaching within those parameters.

          Too often, pastors will complain that they can’t grow, can’t do certain types of ministry, etc., because of their shoe size. My reason for using that term is to take that excuse away, not to reinforce it.

          Thanks again for the thoughtful response.

  3. I would add that thinking of churches in term of “shoe size” is still very much the same mindset as making numerical size as the primary measurement of church health and growth.

  4. Karl, I like the idea of “shoe size” it helps me. Our church has struggled a lot in the last two years but we’re pretty healthy right now and ministering to some hurting people. That was a great article!!!

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